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If the puppy is not thriving after a few days on goat’s milk formula, add two egg yolks and two dissolved packets of unflavored gelatin. It helps build strong bones and teeth. The formula should be kept in the refrigerator. If it does solidify, don’t be alarmed. It will liquefy when you warm it up.
If you have any questions about your puppy’s health, you should see a doctor. This article is not a substitute for veterinary advice, and you should always follow your vet’s instructions as they are specifically tailored for your pup. Enroll your new puppy in puppy insurance while you consult with the vet to avoid pre-existing conditions.
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Newborn Puppy Nutrition
During the first weeks of their lives, puppies depend on their mothers for nutrition. The bitch makes a milk-like substance for the first few days. The puppies will depend on Colostrum for their immune systems to mature. It’s important that all of the puppies get enough colostrum during this time to fight off infections.
The first few weeks of a puppy’s life are a good time to keep a record of their weight. Talk to your vet about the appropriate weight gains to expect for your dog’s breed and watch your puppies for signs of malnourishment.
Most mothers don’t have problems with nursing. All breeders should be aware of the signs of canine mastitis. Mastitis is an inflammation of the breast’s mammary glands, which can cause pain and limit the availability of milk. A bitch with mastitis can develop hot, dark, red, painful teats and she may snap at puppies who attempt to nurse. Mastitis can be caused by anything from a scratch to a blocked milk duct. If you suspect your female has mastitis, call your doctor. Puppies shouldn’t be allowed to nurse bitches with mastitis.
Feeding the Nursing Dog
The nutrition of the puppies is dependent on the health of their mother. As the puppies get older, lactating dogs need more energy than pregnant or non-lactating dogs. A complete and balanced diet with a higher fat content may be needed for your dog while she is nursing. During this time, your veterinarians is an excellent source of nutrition information and can help you find the right food for your nursing female.
Your bitch may be off her feed the first day after giving birth, but she should be eating within 24 hours. If she is not, this could be a problem and you should consult your vet.
There is more information about nursing bitches.
Newborn Puppy Temperature Control
The puppies can’t control their body temperature. Puppies need to be kept in a warm environment so that they don’t get exposed to cold and diseases. If you provide a slightly cooler location within the whelping pen to prevent the puppies from overheating, and position the lamp far enough overhead that it does not burn the puppies, you can use a heat lamp to keep the new litter warm. The puppies can crawl to another corner if the heat lamp is placed at the corner of the whelping box. They advise against heating pads as they are more likely to burn puppies.
Keep them with their mother
Puppies are born when the mother is present. During this critical period, they will not be separated from the mother. The mother should be given time to rest with her puppies. The mother gives her milk to promote a healthy immune system. Puppies can’t eat solid food until they’re at least four weeks old, so they’re usually fed every two to three hours. Puppies between four and eight weeks can eat a mixture of dry food and milk, and then they can shift to solid food after that period. If the mother isn’t present, you should contact a vet for an acceptable substitute for her milk as human milk isn’t appropriate for puppies.